NBS Comics
Nature-based Solutions Background

Many voices. Greener cities. Better cities.

Nature-based Solutions use nature and healthy ecosystems to protect both people and nature, improving the functioning of infrastructure, and supporting a resilient, sustainable, liveable, just, and biodiverse future

Nature-based Solutions are actions to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural and modified ecosystems that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously benefiting people and nature.

The European Commission defines NBS this way: Solutions that are inspired and supported by nature, which are cost-effective, simultaneously provide environmental, social, and economic benefits, and help build resilience. Such solutions bring more, and more diverse, nature and natural features and processes into cities, landscapes, and seascapes, through locally adapted, resource-efficient, and systemic interventions. Nature-based solutions must therefore benefit biodiversity and support the delivery of a range of ecosystem services.

Nature-based Solutions address societal challenges through the protection, sustainable management, and restoration of both natural and modified ecosystems, benefiting both biodiversity and human well-being. Nature-based Solutions flow from healthy ecosystems. They are broadly useful in major challenges like climate change, disaster risk reduction, food and water security, biodiversity loss, and human health, and are critical to sustainable economic development. In many cases NBS are direct and more sustainable alternatives to traditional “grey” solutions.

Such as? Improved land management that improves carbon storage and climate change mitigation. Urban tree planting that cools and cleans the air. Green roofs and bio swales that reduce dangerous stormwater runoff and increase water security. Parks and green spaces that facilitate healthier lives. More ecological agricultural practice that increases food security. Increased resilience to intense storms and climate shocks. More just urban planning that ensures that the benefits of nature are provided to everyone … just to name a few.

Some informative links about NBS:

Some examples of comic approaches that the project members have been involved with:

From the European Commission: here are 12 broad areas of NBS thought and action (see the graphic below, which you can click on to reveal more detail). The depth and breadth of this figure shows the important reach NBS has to all our lives, toward a future that is resilient, sustainable, liveable, and just. Click on the image below or this link and scroll in the document to page 2 to find links for background on all 12 of the areas.

In your submission, you will be asked which of these areas you are interested in. Here is a summary of the twelve.

Air quality Let’s have cleaner air
Biodiversity Support biodiversity and heathy ecosystems everywhere
Climate resilience Mitigation and adaptation
Green enterprise Nature-based economies; business engagement
Green space More green and wild space for nature and people
Health and well-being Nature for better living
Knowledge building Learn so we can make better decisions
Land regeneration Smarter land use, so land can heal and sustain
Natural and climate hazards Floods, storms, droughts, plagues, oh my!
Participatory and governance Get involved; demand good decisions
Social justice and social cohesion The benefits of nature for everyone
Water management Access to water for all; heathy water-based ecosystems





This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation programme under project NetworkNaturePLUS 101082213
The work is also funded by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) under the UK government’s Horizon Europe funding guarantee [grant number 10064784].