Branch Waters Urbanism: A Concept of Landscape That Organizes the Chaos of “Jungle Cities”

Kevin Sloan, Dallas-Fort Worth. 
9 December 2015

Many voices. Greener cities. Better cities.

Part one: natural potential from mega math

Never before on the Earth or in the entire history of the human condition has something like a megacity been possible, until Tokyo and Mexico City appeared in 1950. Typically defined as a metropolis with 10 million residents or more, projections by the 2009 Edition of UN World Urbanization Prospects suggest there could be as many as thirty megacities by 2025. Over half the world’s population is living in cities and megapolitan regions according to the UN Edition of 2010. As populations migrated from rural areas to cities, megacities and mega regions became more powerful and influential than the nations and countries they inhabit.  For instance, the international influence of Malaysia lies in the great commercial hubs of Singapore and Kuala Lumpur.

Endless DFW. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio

The Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex (an urban agglomeration referred to as DFW) is becoming a megacity. While New York City, Hong Kong or Shanghai are delirious concentrations of skyscrapers, DFW is a textbook example of a twentieth century city of nodes in an agglomeration that is almost entirely suburban. In downtown Dallas and Fort Worth, originally two separate cities, the nodes are building clusters. Once freestanding courthouse towns and county seats, the downtowns now exist as bi-nuclear centers in a vast and sparse geography. Other nodes have formed around cloverleaves and in the former town centers and municipalities that were assimilated by the mega growth.

The Branch Waters Network is a concept to use the entire waterway system in metropolitan Dallas–Fort Worth as an attraction to structure a metropolitan urbanism.

The net effect of seventy years of market-driven proliferation is a city that is dominated by shapeless open space and experienced periscopically, through the windshields of cars. Of greater concern is the fact that DFW, and other suburban megacities like it in North America, are statistically impossible to densify.

DFW is the fourth largest metropolitan region in the United States with a population of 6,450,000 residents settled on 5,950,000 acres of incorporated infrastructure. In order to preserve the economic investment of the entire infrastructure by increasing the average density of 1.1 persons per acre to match the 5.5 person per acre density of Portland, Oregon, it would take more than the population of Canada—(5.5 x 6 million approximate acres = 33 million people )—to settle the new, denser, urban footprint. The future of cities—such as Los Angeles, Phoenix, Houston and Atlanta—that generally share the same pattern, density, and math, is potentially vulnerable to social, economic and environmental problems that could particularly affect the areas that are thinly settled.

Architecture and planning are generally without tested theoretical models to retroactively reconfigure vast urban geographies. Daniel Burnham’s overused imprecation to “Make no small plans” sidesteps a stupefying problem, namely that any “big plan” for a mega region will have to criss-cross municipalities, established communities and political structures, none of which are equipped to sustain complex projects that could take decades.

Main Street USA, Dallas West Village. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio

Moreover, planning as a potential solution quickly descends into a conundrum, considering that the great planning models and pattern books of the 19th century arose to develop cities and an urban form, not to retrofit vast geographies where the land is already atomized into private ownership and sliced apart by a fully realized infrastructure. The so-called New Urbanism, while honorable in intention, attached its sympathies to the myth of the small town and a nostalgic association with traditional architecture. America has not been a network of small towns since the 1800s.

During a March 2013 lecture at the Dallas Museum of Art, Professor Kenneth Frampton of Columbia University poignantly recalled a phrase that someone had written onto a rendering of a 1950s utopian city while it was on display at the New York Museum of Modern Art in the late 1980s.

“There are no cities anymore.
We are incapable of making cities anymore.
The machine is incapable of making cities anymore.
We’ll have to get used to living in the jungle.”

Image courtesy OMA / AMO Dallas Connected City Challenge

The image of a jungle city—a confused and chaotic mechanical landscape—is provocative and dramatic. Short of accepting that a blighted “jungle” of abandoned and depopulated geographies is statistically pre-ordained for the future of a suburban megacity, perhaps Frampton’s use of the word “jungle” isn’t only a metaphor, but rather a clue that the landscape and natural waterway network of a city could inform and drive an urban solution.

Where planning or pie-in-the-sky abstractions might present a challenge to the rugged individualism of American culture, the same culture seems to understand and generally appreciate nature and the value that it offers—qualitatively and economically. In lieu of conventional notions for planning, it may be more possible to develop a strategy—a game of nature driven rules for individual projects—that, taken together, could lead sprawling populations toward an orderly rearrangement and a new and unprecedented urban form that is connected by a living fabric.

Rendering of DFW Branch Waters. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio, Vince Hunter AIA Renderer

Part two: the Dallas-Fort Worth Branch Waters Network

The Branch Waters Network is a concept to use the entire waterway system in metropolitan Dallas–Fort Worth as an attraction to structure a metropolitan urbanism.

Seizing upon the familiarity of nature and how North American culture typically assigns value to it, the ribbon like strands of shade, water and continuity of the DFW system, have the capacity to retroactively re-form a future urbanism into living filaments that attract density, transit systems and reconstituted ecological systems. Segments of the DFW Branch Waters Network are already complete.

The seven-mile long Turtle Creek corridor in Dallas is the only part of a 1912 comprehensive plan prepared by George Edward Kessler, a German-born education planner. Kessler’s vision transformed an otherwise featureless ravine into a city walk for education in art, architecture, history, nature and citizenship, by adding a set of parks, sports fields and passive activities to the linear corridor, as well as a chain of lakes, weirs, trails and bridges. Turtle Creek Boulevard ties it all together.

Turtle Creek Dallas. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio

From 1950 to 1980, the location and natural beauty of Turtle Creek gave rise to several condominium towers along the edges as well as a theater designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. As evidence and a demonstration of the urbanizing potential of nature, the concentration of civility and density along Turtle Creek is an exception to the cultural raison d’être in Texas, that luxury and the good life typically means an estate lot or a sprawling Southfork-like ranch. Considering that DFW is on the same latitude as North Africa and frequently one of the hottest places in the U.S. during summer, the 100-year old example of Turtle Creek is a model for a landscape-driven DFW and a useful case study for other metropolitan cities.

White Rock Lake Dallas. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio

Contemporary with Kessler’s Dallas Plan, the 1911 construction of a lake and park on White Rock Creek in East Dallas produced DFW’s closest example of an Olmstedian park. White Rock Lake is a 1,200-acre reservoir set within a 1,600-acre public park that includes the Dallas Arboretum, two boating and sailing marinas, passive recreation areas and the Boathouse Cultural Center, circumnavigated by a continuous bike and pedestrian trail and the continuous tree cover of White Rock Lake Park extending to the Trinity, which is the river that established Dallas and Fort Worth.

DFW Branch Waters Aerial, 2015. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio / Google Earth Pro

When observed in satellite view, the waterway branches of forested creeks, ravines and rivers within the metropolitan area look like the veins of a leaf or a colossal tree that has been flattened and espaliered onto the Blackland Prairie. The water branches traverse an urban geography that is 60 to 70 miles wide east to west, 40 to 50 miles wide north to south.

Image: Kevin Sloan Studio

When the most obvious branches are mapped, there are over 300 potential miles of water branches that would double the real estate value along each side, considering each branch has two outside edges. In Dallas County alone—which is one of eleven that comprise the DFW metropolitan area—over 90 percent of the natural drainageways are intact and unimproved.

Vitruvian Park, phase one. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio, Craig Blackman FAIA

Vitruvian Park in North Dallas (Addison) configures a high-density mixed-use urban enclave on 112-acres that is organized by a 17-acre spring fed park. Completed in 2008 and master planned by my studio, Kevin Sloan Studio, the urban blocks of the five and 11-story fabric present a conventional street wall urbanism to the avenues and a contrasting, modernist repetition of residential wings to the park so that the outdoor courtyards between seamlessly key into the preserved vegetation of the public park.

Vitruvian Park amphitheater. Image: UDR Inc.

The seventeen-acre park, also designed by Kevin Sloan Studio, is fed by Farmers Branch Creek, which is also part of a vast network of sheet springs that exist throughout the Blackland Prairie region. In lieu of the dramatic artesian springs of the Texas Hill country near Austin, North Texas springs move slowly and laterally over a continuous limestone shelf until the erosion of a ravine daylights and receives the water.

In order to raise the southeast corner of the master plan out of the flood plain, the excavation at Vitruvian Park was a logical extension of a natural process of day-lighting the sheet flow for an urban park that would naturally gather density. Vitruvian Park also demonstrates that nature and landscape are effective tools that can overcome suburban suspicions of density by offering an urban-like enclave that isn’t in a downtown center.

Views of Urban Reserve. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio, Charles Smith AIA, Photographer.

For enthusiasts of modern architecture, the Dallas Urban Reserve is an example that combines water branch urbanism with low impact development to form a residential enclave of 50 lots. Urban Edge Developers in Dallas funded and developed the project on a 12-acre site that was abused for 55 years as an illegal landfill, as contractors opportunistically dumped Sheetrock, pipe, shingles and other debris in creating what amounted to an industrial earthwork. 

Although houses by Tod Williams and Billie Tsien have been constructed and others by Hanrahan Meyers Architects of New York and Kieran Timberlake of Philadelphia were proposed, the subdivision is prevented from dissolving into an architectural expo because of the vigorous and visually cohesive landscape of a continuous bio-filtration street. Sloping asymmetrically to convey storm water into a system of repetitive filtration beds planted with bald cypress, pond cypress and horsetail reeds, a single two-way street connects an existing 1950s subdivision at the entrance into an existing water branch that is White Rock Creek Greenway.

Aerial map of Urban Reserve. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio / Google Earth Pro

The project was awarded a 2011 ASLA Award of Excellence and has been nationally and internationally recognized by journals such as Topos and Eco-Structure. Kevin Sloan Studio conceptualized the bio-filtration street, designed the landscape architecture and collaborated on the development planning with DSGN Architects of Dallas.

Green ribbon urbanism

Nested along any branch waterway, mixed-use edges and building enclaves would offer the forest and nature on one side and the civility of streets, squares, and neighborhoods on the other. Turtle Creek and the addition of the Katy Trail in the last fifteen years—a rail-to-trail conversion into a shaded promenade—are contemporary examples that further support the urban potential of building the entire drainage network in DFW into an urban system.

Trinity River / Connected City Challenge. Image courtesy OMA / AMO Dallas Connected City Challenge

While other projects throughout DFW are currently in development along various sections and unrelated segments of the metropolitan branch waters, they are typically seen as railway conversions into hike and bike trails, or as stand alone mega-visions such as the great Trinity River projects in the downtown environs of Fort Worth and Dallas.

No larger vision yet exists to see the common thread of all of these separate projects as stepping-stones that could produce a new and unprecedented ribbon-like urbanism tracing the shaded and continuous corridors. Considering how the sprawling low density urbanism of DFW is typical to North American cities and the perimeter rings of European and Asian centers, the Branch Water network could also be seen as a paradigm and potentially a palliative to provide connection, cohesion and a memorable character to a largely generic pattern.

Branch variety

The Branch Waters concept does not presume that the English landscape of fine lawns, azaleas and towers of Turtle Creek should proliferate throughout the entire DFW drainage network. The existing characteristics of the riverines and their potential are as numerous and varied as are the landscape types that could be added. Ultimately, communities along the network should develop a program that fits the distinctive needs of their respective branch.

View of bayou branches. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio, Charles Smith AIA, Photographer

In the lowest and flattest geography of the waterway system, fragments of the former Trinity River in Dallas, known as The Meanders, now operate as flood sumps. In their current condition, they are more akin to the static waters of a bayou than a creek with a current.  A project known as the Trinity Strand has taken steps to add a pedestrian and bike trail above the high water mark of a particular piece that courses through the Dallas Design District.

View of creek branches. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio, Charles Smith, AIA, Photographer

Creeks and ravines that slope to the natural Trinity floodplain often convey a brook-like flow of water that, over eons, has cut ravines through the soft limestone and caliche geology. Many of them are sheet springs and numerous street names are clues, such as Kidd Springs, Spring Valley, and Marsh Lane. Most are protected by the Army Corps of Engineers, but the third branch category typically cradles an ecology of hardwoods that established over time in the deep topsoil that accumulated in a valley or ravine. Many of these exist along the West Dallas escarpment or in north and south Oak Cliff and seasonal rains create intermittent flows.

Circumventing red tape 

In addition to the cultural, environmental and economic merits of the concept, the Branch Waters has a built-in potential to avoid problems and bureaucratic red tape that often stymies typical plans and/or grand urban visions.

Given how the waterway system in DFW is largely intact and continuous—as it typically is in most cities—no additional land acquisitions, eminent domain takings, bond programs, or the usual gauntlet of political approvals are needed to incrementally accomplish the urbanism, one project at a time. Rather, it might only need a simple set of guidelines to construct spatial relationships between the new urbanism and any water branch.

Summary: resilience or irrelevance

The Branch Waters Network also has the potential to address two significant economic and environmental questions that Dallas-Fort Worth and other Endless cities are facing, especially in the U.S. Southwest. “World leaders now understand that the future of any nation will be disproportionately delivered by megacities and metropolitan regions,” notes Bruce Katz, economist and geostrategist with the Brookings Institute. In order to sustain their relevance on the world stage, any metro must attract talent, retain talent, generate and export their own unique economy, and flourish into a culture that can compete with other world cities. Where baby boomers would move to a city after getting a job, millenials and Gen-X generations do the opposite—they move to a cities that offer walkability, parks, nature and a quality of life they desire, then they find a job.

In so-called “business-friendly” cities, such as Dallas-Fort Worth, Phoenix, Houston and Atlanta, that offer income potential and tax incentives, the sprawling geography was constructed in haste and left out the kind of urban, environmental and cultural qualities that are now a first priority for individuals, families and even corporations.

After a highly publicized national competition, the Boeing Company elected to relocate their Seattle corporate offices to Chicago in 2001, alluding to Dallas-Fort Worths’s “lack of cultural amenities.” The sting of the loss set into motion an array of civic project that included the Wyly Multi-form theater by OMA, The Winspear Opera by Foster & Partners, the City Theater by SOM, an addition to the Booker T. Washington Arts Magnate School by Allied Works, and a downtown parks master plan by Margreaves and Associates in 2003 that identified 19 park sites in downtown. The Branch Waters Network can be seen as a logical extension of the downtown projects applied to the entire geography of Dallas-Fort Worth that would develop a more appealing urban form by drawing new urban densities to the edges of the metropolitan waterway network.

The environmental questions may be even more stupefying. Studies issued in February 2015 by Cornell and Columbia Universities aligned with other environmental studies that indicate a 50 to 80 percent chance that Texas and the American Southwest may experience a 35-year long drought—a mega-drought—sometime before 2100. Such an event would be catastrophic to DFW or any metro, potentially forcing the de-population of the city, the abandonment of entire parts of the city, public parks and certainly any irrigated landscape or use in order to conserve water.

The existing natural waterway system in DFW is where the region’s longevity might be secured. It is where the mature trees, water and any environmental quality currently exist. Gathering urbanism along the edges of the network would anticipate the mega-drought and forestall the potential for individuals and companies to flee the metropolitan area, while also generating an orderly rearrangement of the unsustainably suburban pattern into a form that would be more resistant to calamities and natural disasters.

Trinity River through Downtown Dallas. Image: Kevin Sloan Studio, Ting Lun, Photographer

The potential for a mega-drought and the eye opening realization that the generic pattern cannot be statistically urbanized potentially belies a much larger economic rationale to support the formation of the Branch Waters Network in DFW and other cities where a similar natural system exists.

World and national leaders understand that megacities and metropolitan regions will disproportionately deliver the future for any nation. For metros to be relevant and competitive on the world stage, they must retain talent, attract new talent, generate and export their own unique economic production, and flourish into a culture that can compete successfully, in both domestic and world markets.

Image: Kevin Sloan Studio, Wenyan Ji, Renderer

Every city currently competing on the world stage has one or more features that cannot be copied by another metro. By logical extension, the qualities of a city are now part of a broader strategy for a megacity or region to remain relevant on the world stage. The Branch Waters Network and the ribbon-like urbanism it could form may be the physical, spatial and environmental distinction Dallas-Fort Worth needs to endure.

Kevin Sloan
Dallas-Fort Worth

On The Nature of Cities

Kevin Sloan

About the Writer:
Kevin Sloan

Kevin Sloan, ASLA, RLA is a landscape architect, writer and professor. The work of his professional practice, Kevin Sloan Studio in Dallas, Texas, has been nationally and internationally recognized.

Kevin Sloan

Kevin Sloan

Kevin Sloan, ASLA, RLA is a landscape architect, writer and professor. The work of his professional practice, Kevin Sloan Studio in Dallas, Texas, has been nationally and internationally recognized. In devising a biofiltration street for the Dallas urbanRESERVE, the journal Eco-Structure distinguished it as “One of Seven Innovative Projects in 2010.” Mr. Sloan holds a master of architecture degree from Syracuse University. A 2000 Harvard Loeb Fellow finalist, he has taught architecture, landscape architecture and urban design at Syracuse University, and is currently a visiting assistant professor at the University of Texas at Arlington School of Architecture. Mr. Sloan has written numerous articles for professional publications, including Landscape Architecture and Texas Architect.

19 thoughts on “Branch Waters Urbanism: A Concept of Landscape That Organizes the Chaos of “Jungle Cities”

  1. An alternative to densifying the region, which is statistically impossible, would be to thoughtfully analyze and make use of the unique sources we have to our region, which for example is the natural water way system. The region’s longevity might be secured through the branch waters in DFW as it may anticipate drought, increase revenue for the cities through planning and real estate values, and become resistant to natural disasters. By focusing on ideas that will provide a sustainable future, DFW’s cities of nodes will be less of an environmental issue.

  2. Fascinating article! I see it as a vast example of holistic green infrastructure at city and regional scale, a vision I’ve always thought underestimated and surely under-implemented. It adds fuel to a question I’ve pondered for a long time now, which circles around the ever-increasing research concerning the negative effects of urbanization on mental health. Briefly put, the evidence is building that urbanization past a certain level heralds growing numbers of people suffering from depression and psychosis. At the same time, research is also showing that exposure to nature eases stress, aids in healing, and undergirds mental health. The resulting questions are clear: can nature offset the negative effects of urbanization, and if so, how much nature is needed to do so? I’m not sure the answer is quantitative (how many trees, or acres of green space, needed to do x), but the general approach might yield interesting results.

    On the other hand, I’ve always had a sneaking suspicion that despite the growing and seemingly irreversible trend toward megacities, the final answer for the human race might be found more in smaller cities, perhaps even towns of a certain size, perhaps acting as satellites to an urban core. The common response of humanity to seek out living spaces in more intensely wild places when they can afford it — witness the tendency of the 1% to build country homes or estates, mansions on the mountainsides, etc — seems to be deeply rooted in our instincts, and I’m not sure that cities as they are currently built answer those needs. At the same time, there’s also no denying the creative and economic and artistic vitality that urban developments offer us. As is usually the case, I think the answer lies somewhere in the middle, and work such as the Branch Waters Network will almost certainly inform the creation of urban habitats that answer the needs of ourselves and our wild brethren.

  3. The superimposition of man-made grids created through highways and the form of the natural grid given by water channels gives man the opportunity to create a new sustainable modern world. The idea of re-building a city poses the question of whether residents will be for or against reconstruction. How can we as architects influence society to accept these kinds of changes? Residents will refuse change if it threatens their comfortable lifestyle, largely due to the lack of knowledge they possess when it comes to re-wilding cities. For this hypothesis to fully develop, one must consider how to educate residents and show them the benefits of living in an urban water network.

  4. The idea of “rewilding” the water branches could possibly be the simplest means to reordering urban sprawl and the distribution of natural wildlife. “Rewilding” our cities would recover the wildlife that has disappeared in DFW and juxtapose urbanism to habitat.

  5. The desire to settle near water and nature has existed from the beginning of human history. The relationship enabled survival, afforded transportation and in some cases, generated an economy.

    Yet, the modern world and its prolific mechanization has largely edited nature from daily life. Suburbia promised Arcadia but unfortunately, the cookie-cut pattern used to proliferate suburbia, failed to deliver on the promise. Tiny, cramped patios and balconies also fall short of satisfying the promise and yearning for a nature connection.

    Reinvigorating habitats could provide a viable solution to what has yet to be delivered by economics and by modern planning. The land – even if only slivers of shade, green and water – possess untapped potential waiting to be discovered.

  6. The Branch Waters concept revises my perception about nature, landscape and habitat and their potential relationship with the contemporary city. For the most part, it may have been unfortunate that the growth of cities were largely at the expense of natural resources and missed possibilities. It makes one consider, how over the years North American cities may have overlooked and underutilized the richness and potential of the land. With this in mind, planners and architects should cultivate new models like the Branch Waters Network to augment the canonical historical methods and adapt the the pattern and needs of the contemporary city with the human condition.

  7. Like most American cities that were the product of rapid 20th-century expansion, DFW is not being true to its original landscape. Instead, the metropolitan landscape that was unplanned and built is dominated by highways. Instead of a pattern where nature is meaningfully defined, the ad hoc and opportunistic pattern that is DFW is instead, an endless geography of undefined and fragmentary “green space.” Even the vast spring network of North Texas – a highly unique quality of the region – has been unaddressed or even worse in many cases, abused. Densification is inevitable. Without a Branch Waters Network to guide it, the question of whether the density will do good or harm, remains largely unanswered.

  8. I am particularly intrigued with articles view that America has not been a network of small towns since the 1800’s. Given the traditional architecture and sentimentality of the New Urbanism, it appears that what started as a planning movement for the CNU, descended into fiction, style and nostalgia. While DFW could develop denser nodes that perform like a town centers, the idea of a cultural retrogression into the past may not serve DFW very well in moving forward and into the future.

    Evidence of this impulse in DFW is Southlake Town Square. Built in the early 2000’s, the location presents the appearance of a historic town, even though the development is essentially a strip mall. At Southlake, it’s “branch” is a highway and one suspects the commercial success it enjoys is more the result of it’s location next to high volumes of auto traffic, than the “theme” of the place.

    However, by contrast, the Bishop Arts district in Oak Cliff, is a revitalization of a small neighborhood center that formed to a trolley stop. Transit was its original branch. Today, the theaters, restaurants and neighborhood services and the urban vibe that has developed, has attracted the attention of the New York Times another professional journals. Unfortunately, in this case, the Bishop Arts District has become so successful, it is becoming gentrified and the local merchants are being forced out by higher rents and replaced by “gift shops.”

    With this in mind the Branch Waters Project has the real potential to truly deliver walkable communities that are authentic. Such a project, properly executed, could have the ability of mixing both retail and housing into walkable formations. In following the concept, conventional real estate development could take a productive and bold step forward.

  9. Where European cities engender an architectural culture for how individual buildings add-to and build the collective form of a city, North American cities like DFW haven’t yet generated the same sympathy.

    While avoiding the problems and perception of imposing regulations, The Branch Waters Network offers a simple imperative – organize along the nature-ways – that could give individual developments enough of a collective objective to produce cohesion. By emphasizing the importance of the metropolitan branches, each individual project would add itself into a network, much like a charm attached to a bracelet. This would also allow the individual projects to potentially sustain a higher degree of autonomy which a more orthodox form-based code would not allow, but still continue a process of constructing an urbanism that could be intriguingly idiosyncratic.

    Other apparent benefits is the potential for the initiative to sustain water quality and storm water detention, generate connectivity, which taken together could uniquely re-form metropolitan DFW while also providing a new kind of paradigm that could be applied to similar North American cities.

  10. As an architectural student in North Texas, I have also observed that the environment is rich in natural features that could be useful for an urbanism. From my perspective, the nature and culture in North Texas should be respected and cultivated so that it can become a perceivable and effective element in the architecture of DFW and the city.

    I would like to stress that the benefits of nature are for all human beings. As the Branch Waters Urbanism forms, the lands between the branches could revert to organic agricultural production. Settling into thin ribbons of urbanism with nature on one side and the production of food on the other, would be a rich and satisfying pattern that’s also resilient. Food will be cheap, reliable and more accessible to people, potentially all by walking.

    From this the Branch Waters concept is enlarged to encouraged volunteers works as well as patiently building a pattern that will be self-educating to children, about living with nature and its benefits.

  11. The fiberosity of a Branch Water City, could also foster spatial connections for a society that currently, is only connected by technology and automobiles. With the loose, ragged, and geomorphic urban form it could help produce it could provide a future-proofing for the Mega Drought that several research groups have predicted in the latter half of the twenty-first century. Gathering density along the green tendrils of the Branch Water network will help to provide connectivity, but also heighten an awareness for water quality which is poignant given the tragedy in Flint, Michigan. The system will also support the natural development of a climax tree ecologies which in turn, add shade to any recreational use added to a water branch.

  12. While the concept might generate cohesion for DFW, it also appears that the Branch Water Network would still allow individual communities to establish their own character, identity and landscape program along the network. While conventional planning seems to prefer imposing a more totalizing expectation, this hypothesis may accomplish enough of an order to be useful and perceivable, that isn’t at the expense of circumstance or the idiosyncrasies of the future.

  13. I have always wondered why nature and cities can not grow together! In simple terms, cities grow, nature retreats. Most everyone wants to live with nature even though it seems like nature is the first thing edited from cities. By taking care of nature the human condition is also taking care of its future.

    DFW is typically thought of as an unattractive city. Not like Denver, Portland or San Francisco – when in fact the existing branch waters are beautiful but very fragile. These could be the elements which can give DFW a unique identity which no other megacity can replicate. After reading this this article i will say this is not just an article but it is a ‘New Vision’ to look at the future of DFW.

  14. I believe that the Branch Waters Network is a viable solution in urban structure in comparison to the nooses of highways that currently shape the DFW area, and it also lends to the population’s desire for an increase in natural elements within the city. In order to allow the metroplex to make this much needed transition, it would call for a large cultural change and would shift the focus away from the automobile. Which for the past 80 years the American city has been shaped by the car, and these streams of highways has been the only structural system offered for development. By using the waterways as the underlying organization of the city, not only does this draw the attention away from the car, but also allows for the city to focus on a more green urbanism. This system has the potential to diminish the use of cars and petroleum, lower the contamination of the surrounding ecology, and redefine the American city.

  15. While the article seems to advance the Branch Waters concept as a planning strategy, it may be something altogether different — more an observation of a cultural impulse to assign value to natural characteristics, that could lead to a planning paradigm. Cities of rapid land speculation such as Dallas, Atlanta and Phoenix, generally disregarded any of their natural characteristics during the post World War II land rush.

    Moreover, utilizing the river sheds, creeks and seasonal ravines to create human connectivity is likely to strike a chord with citizens and urban dwellers and and at the same time not avoid the problem of planning becoming confused with government regulations.

    As density forms along the Branch Waters, the article did not address what might happen to the areas between the branches that thin-out over decades. The potential for these areas to be re-grouped into larger tracts and re-wild or filled with small hobby farmers that could make locally grown food more accessible, may be an added merit of the idea.

    The Branch Waters concept may also be a solution for the way a city deals with the regional water management. In addition to recreation, the landscape withing each linear shed could be cultivated to filter urban toxins through wetlands before the water reaches the potable filtration plant. More than just an urban form re-generator, the concept should also consider what it offers to the ecology of the Branch Waters as much as how it could reform an urban pattern.

  16. Urban Planning and architectural history offer a rich source of precedents for settlements, towns cities that formed to water and natural characteristics – but the examples are largely nods and centralizing formations. The idea of proliferating an open-ended linear system along urban water sheds could transform the underutilized corridors into organizing lines that braid together diverse human activities, density and new ecological systems – and the next sustainable step to consider.

    It also opens another potential discussion to consider the “braids” as alternative communication, transportation infrastructure and ecological corridors that could influence building methods, energy consumption as part of the “braiding.” The social benefit about this particular form of cohesion could be supported by Eco-psychology which considers nature an inseparable part of mental health.

  17. I am intrigued by how the Branch Waters Network eliminates and side steps, many of the cultural, economic and political problems that typically stymie conventional planning. It also seems to potentially address how to organize and connect the disparate segments of the water shed system that have already been improved – some for a long time such as the 100-year example of Turtle Creek.
    The potential invention of a common link that provides a connection and a unique kind of habitat-driven urbanism could potentially develop a new kind of urban image for a metropolitan city like DFW.
    But I am most intrigued by the social implications of a continuous system that could overcome geographical segregation and connect all neighborhoods to the same unifying element. It allows for the character of each neighborhood to remain diverse and distinct, yet part of one landscape that is emblematic of the common good – the public domain of DFW. This could in turn provide a walkable urbanity with parks and nature that attracts and gets people excited about a new kind of distinction that other world cities may not share.
    The network also covers important political implications, as an equalizer for a highly diverse and pluralized city. By unifying and bringing people of different races, genders, religions, and political backgrounds together, to share a common resource, the mission of the city is enlarged. We can then begin to examine how the network is regulated; and what might be the benefits and consequences.

  18. Expanding upon the public awareness of the positive projects that have been happening along the existing water shed branches could ultimately link the many separate projects that have been constructed thus far.  It also raises the question if heightening the awareness of the water branches is a planning concept or an observation?  If it’s only an “observation” that generates a more deliberate response going forward, would that be enough to ultimately accomplish a perceivable network of linkages for people to understand and empathize?

  19. This article was a very interesting read. Populations have typically always gravitated towards natural resources such as water when establishing cities; often for economical and trade reasons, but also because of man’s affinity for nature. The DFW Metroplex is expected to grow exponential in the next decade and should consider implementing this idea. Especially with the millennial generation’s concern for sustainability and density, the Branch Waters Network could reshape how the real estate industry views nature as a place-maker for density.

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